WHAT IS C-11? Back

International Mobility Program: Canadian interests – Significant benefit – Entrepreneurs/self-employed candidates seeking to operate a business [R205(a) – C11]

Since the inception of this program, Just To Canada’s legal team has successfully solicited various applications through this program.

The C11 work permit addresses two streams.

The first is for entrepreneurs/business persons and senior managers seeking temporary entrance into Canada based on their business objectives and career.

The second stream supports the objective under the C11 work visa as part of the permanent residence scheme for entrepreneurs or self-employed individuals.

Whether you want to stay temporarily or permanently with your C11 entrepreneur work permit, you must demonstrate to the immigration officer that you own a firm or are self-employed and have a credible business plan that will bolster value, both culturally and socially, for Canadian citizens.

In this stream, it is interesting to note that an LMIA is not required and is exempted, as it used to be under the Owner / Operator program.

Work permit applications for entrepreneurs are only accepted if the applicant owns at least 50% of the company. When a person is a partial owner with a somewhat lesser interest and comes to work in the firm, they must apply for a work permit as an employee (rather than as an entrepreneur or self-employed person). They may be needed to complete a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) process.

Unless extraordinary circumstances can be proven, only one owner is usually qualified for a work permit if there are numerous owners, according to paragraph R205(a). While Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) do not want to discourage investment in Canada, these standards prohibit minority share transfers.

C11 Work Permit Qualifications

It is critical to note that simply running a business in your native country does not qualify you for the C11 work permit. Suppose you want to increase your chances of qualifying for the C11 work permit in Canada. In that case, you should be aware of the factors that immigration authorities typically consider to assess whether an application is eligible for the C11 work visa.

Here are some of the measuring points:
  • They have the resources and expertise to buy an existing Canadian business and develop it into a lucrative entity.
  • The applicant can develop activities to help Canada and Canadians in various fields and ways of life.
  • The applicant has prepared enough to establish their business/work in Canada. For example, they must have secured funds for the company's formation. Entrepreneurs should also have a plan for staffing and networking.
  • The applicant owns at least 50% of the business they buy or develop in Canada.
  • The applicant has developed a well-thought-out business strategy that is realistic and makes sense in real-world scenarios.

Seeking Permanent Residence

Under this category, two types of potential applicants can apply for a work permit.

  • Actual or future provincial nominees are conducting business; Quebec-destined entrepreneurs or self-employed individuals have been awarded a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ). According to paragraph R205, applicants in these categories have proven that their admission to Canada to begin establishing or operating their firm may result in substantial economic, social, or cultural advantages or possibilities for Canadian citizens or permanent residents
  • Under LMIA exemption code T13, a foreign person who has a valid nomination from a province or territory for permanent residence and is working or has a job offer from an employer based in that province or territory may be awarded a work permit.
  • A work permit may be awarded to a foreign national who is being considered for permanent residency by a province or territorial authority. This is conceivable because the province or territory wants the potential nominee to implement their business plan and guarantee that the candidate can successfully develop the firm before nominating the foreign national.

Meaning of Benefits to Canadian Society

The applicant's proposed method will benefit Canadians’ and permanent residents' economies.

The economic stimulus can refer to a variety of considerations.

It could, for example, denote the creation of new jobs, increased export markets, or development work in any given country area. Their proposed method will lead to industry advancement in the country. The industry's evolution can also be viewed in various ways. A business is considered to be progressing in the sector by an immigration officer if it involves technological development, product/service innovation, and distinctions or if it improves the abilities of the Canadian workforce. Also, their business should entail no adverse consequences and will not interfere with the Canadian operational processes of other companies.

Businesses Eligible for The C11

Businesses eligible for the C11 vary. Here is a list of some of the businesses capable of eligibility:
  • Retailer
  • Coach or Fitness Trainer
  • Relocation or Moving Services
  • Home Décor Services
  • Lawn Care, Landscaping, or Gardening Services
  • Home Cleaning Services
  • Entertainment & Outdoor Activity Services
  • Pool Cleaners

We will be happy to provide you with legal advice and discuss all the possibilities in our interaction with you.

FAQS about the C11 Work Permit